The pie charts below compare the proportion of energy capacity in gigawatts (GW) in 2015 with the predictions for 2040. Write at least 150 words. IELTS 7 band essay 2023
The provided pie charts show a comparison between the share of energy capacity in 2015 and its anticipated level in 2040. The graphs make it clear that while fossil fuels will continue to be the dominant source of energy in the future, their capacity share will decrease, while the overall share of renewable energy sources is expected to increase.
Body paragraph 1
About two-thirds of the world’s energy capacity (64%) was made up of fossil fuels
in 2015. The majority of the remaining 36% came from various renewable
sources. With 6%, 5%, and 2% respectively, the nuclear, wind, and solar energy
took third, fourth, and fifth place.
Body paragraph 2
The share of energy capacity from fossil fuels is expected to decline by 20% in
2040, with solar energy seeing the largest share increase. It is expected to
increase from just 2% of the total energy share in 2015 to about 18% in 2040. A
further increase, from 5% to 12%, is anticipated for wind energy. In 2040, it is
anticipated that the shares of nuclear energy and other renewable will decline by 1% to 2%.
In conclusion, fossil fuels will continue to be a significant source of energy in 2040
despite a drop in the share of energy capacity from these sources and an increase in solar and wind sources.