The graph below gives information from Annual Energy Outlook 2008 about consumption of energy in the USA since 1980 with projection until 2030. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. Write at least 150 words. -IELTS 7 band essay
The graph depicts US energy consumption from 1980 to 2030 with projections.
The usage of petroleum and oil has increased from 35 quadrillions (35q) units in 1980 to 42q in 2012, making them the main sources of fuel according to historical patterns.
Body paragraph 1
Although there were minor fluctuations between 1980 and 1995, there
was a consistent rise, and it is anticipated that this trend would continue, with 47q
in 2030. The usage of energy from natural gas and coal followed a similar trajectory across time. Gas and coal exhibited early drops and progressive increases from 20q and 15q, respectively, in 1980, with the two fuels being equal between 1985 and 1990.
Despite changes in consumption since 1990, both now provide 24q.
Body paragraph 2
In contrast to natural gas, which is expected to remain steady at 25q after 2014, coal consumption is anticipated to increase to 31q in 2030. The least utilized sources of energy in 1980 were solar/wind, nuclear, and hydropower, each accounting for just 4q. Nuclear has climbed by 3q, and
solar/wind by 2. From 1980, less hydropower has been used than in 2005..
Although the others are anticipated to climb progressively starting in 2025, it is
anticipated to remain roughly steady through 2030.
Generally, fossil fuels will continue to be the US’s major energy source, with a
small amount of hydroelectricity, nuclear power, and renewable energy sources
like wind and solar.