The diagram below illustrates the carbon cycle in nature. Write a 150-word description of this diagram for a university lecturer. Write at least 150 words. IELTS 7 band essay 2023
The Diagram demonstrates the carbon cycle, a biogeochemical cycle, which is
responsible for the flow of carbon between the biosphere, pedosphere,
geosphere, hydrosphere, and atmosphere of Earth. The numerous processes that carbon goes through to build a full cycle are illustrated in the figure. The main phases of this cycle will be briefly described in
Body paragraph 1
First, we can observe that plants use a process called photosynthesis to convert
solar energy into organic carbon. When plants and the animals that consume
them die and decompose, this organic carbon is subsequently released into the
soil. In the form of fossils and fossil fuels, some of this carbon is stored
Body paragraph 2
However, a variety of methods also result in the release of carbon into the
atmosphere. One is when plants and animals breathe, and the other is when
people consume fossil fuels in their factories and automobiles. All of this carbon is released into the air as CO2. Plants then take it up again, and the cycle repeats.
Ultimately, it is clear that carbon follows a natural cycle, even though current
human activity may be altering the equilibrium.